How to Clean EGR Valve: Pro Tips
Your car’s engine is a complex machine that requires a multitude of parts to work in perfect harmony, and even a tiny deviation in any of these parts will affect its function. Even a dirty Exhaust Gas Recirculation valve can result in rough idling or engine stalling, lower fuel economy and might cause serious engine damages, thus expensive repairs. Knowing how to clean EGR valve is a simple and handy maintenance tips that will save you a lot of trouble as well as money.
Since the 1960s, vehicle manufacturers have successfully reduced harmful nitrous oxide emissions with the installation of the Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) valves. The EGR valve recirculates exhaust generated during the engine’s combustion back into the combustion cycle, thereby reducing the engine’s temperature and lowering the production of poisonous nitrous oxide.
EGR valves open and close to control the gas flow. Overtime, the exhaust builds up a hard and thick wall of carbon, locking the EGR valve opened or closed. This will block system passages, thus increasing the engine’s temperature and increasing nitrous oxide emissions. Worse, a dirty EGR valve can lower mileage and the lifespan of the engine, or cause rough idling, stalling or knocking.
That’s why car manufacturers recommend cleaning the EGR valve and passages every 50,000 miles or fewer. The good news is you do not need to take your car to the shop so regularly. Instead, learn how to clean EGR valve right in your own garage today.
What does an EGR valve do?
The combustion occurred inside the engine’s combustion chamber generates exhaust and a lot of heat, which can exceed 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit. At such temperatures, different elements in the air-fuel mixture that is ignited inside the chamber are burned and produced nitrogen oxides, a substance harmful to human health and the environment.
During operation, the EGR valve allows a small amount of exhaust gases to recirculate back through the intake manifold and back into the combustion chambers.
When mixed with the air-fuel mixture inside the chamber, these recirculated exhaust will reduce the high temperatures during the combustion process. The lowered temperature serves to reduce the formation of poisonous nitrogen oxides.
In addition, by preventing overheating of the engine and reducing underhood temperature, the engine’s overall health and lifespan, plus all other underhood components, will be maximized.
Why you should know how to to clean EGR valve
Overtime, the recirculated exhaust builds up a hard and thick wall of carbon, messing with the EGR’s valve ability to open and close to control the gas flow. As a result, this impedes exhaust recirculation and therefore increases the temperature inside the chamber, leading to overheating and increasing nitrogen oxides emissions.
In detail, if the EGR valve is stuck open, a continuous flow of exhaust gases enters the cylinders, disrupting the combustion process. This will cause the engine to act like it wants to stall, idling roughly or surging.
If the valve is stuck closed passages become clogged, detonation could occur in the combustion chambers. This happens because the cylinders temperatures will increase, resulting in fuel ignites early before the planned combustion. In severe cases, strong detonations can seriously overheat and damage your engine.
Knowing how to clean EGR valve is a crucial step in solving these common engine problems.
Bad EGR valve symptoms
You should check and clean your EGR valve if the following problems occur:
- Noises from the engine: If the valve is stuck closed or passages become clogged, cylinders temperatures will increase, resulting in fuel ignites before the combustion. When this happens, you’ll notice a knocking or tapping noise coming from the engine.
- Fuel smell from the underhood area when the car is running.
- Engine stalling or rough idling: If the valve is stuck open, a continuous flow of exhaust gases enters the cylinders, disrupting the combustion process. The engine will idle roughly, surges, or stalls as it warms up or as you drive at low speeds.
- Check Engine light: On newer car models with electronic valves, the vehicle’s computer will trigger the Check Engine light when there is a problem with the EGR valve and passages.
To avoid these headaches, clean the EGR valve and passages every 50,000 miles or ideally more regularly over the weekend at home. You only need a few common tools and a quality EGR valve cleaner.
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What to use to clean EGR valve
- Safety first: Goggles for your eyes and acid-resistant gloves for your hands
- EGR valve or carburetor cleaner
- New EGR valve gasket, if necessary
- Repair manual, if necessary
- Pipe cleaning wire brush
- Ratchet extension
- Socket set
- Adjustable wrench
- Dull scraper
How to clean EGR valve – The steps
Safety first. Always make sure your car is parked on a flat and even surface. Begin by removing the cables on your car’s battery.
Locate the EGR valve
Depending on your car’s make and model, your engine may be using one of three common types of EGR valves. If unsure, check your user’s manual to determine the type of EGR valve you’re dealing with:
- Older models will often come with a vacuum controlled EGR valve, which is typically a round, semi flat metal disk of about 3 inches thick. You’ll see a thin vacuum hose connected on top.
- Newer models will have an electronic-vacuum controlled valve. It will look generally like the older vacuum controlled valve, except you will find a small sensor on top, plus an electrical harness that connects the sensor to the car’s electrical system.
- The latest generation of EGR valve is the new electronic controlled digital valve. Its shape is typically a cylinder or a block, with attached sensors on top and an electrical harness.
The EGR valve is most often found towards the top or side of the engine, sometimes obstructed by other components.Look around the side of the cylinder head, near the throttle body, firewall, or intake manifold.
If you don’t see it, go to your manufacturer’s website and enter your car’s make, model and engine size to search the exact location of the valve. Otherwise, consult the repair manual for your particular vehicle make and model. The manual will also include helpful information for EGR valve maintenance, including troubleshooting procedures, how to remove and replace EGR system components like the EGR sensor, vacuum hoses, and pipes.
Remove the EGR valve
- EGR valves in older cars will often have a thin vacuum hose attached to it. Carefully disconnect the hose from the valve, as this is a very thin hose and is prone to damage unless you handle it with care.
Check the vacuum hose for splits, cracks or hardening and replace if necessary. Damaged vacuum hoses cause poor EGR valve operation and EGR system failure. Vacuum hoses are prone to damage due to high underhood temperature caused by a heated engine.
- Follow the vacuum hose to the component attached at the other end, and inspect any other hoses connected to that other component. Check for splits, cracks or hardening and replace if necessary.
- Unplug any electrical connectors from the EGR valve. If necessary, spray some WD40 on the bolts to unscrew more easily. The spray will handle the rust built up on the bolts over time.
- Unscrew the valve’s two or four mounting bolts using a ratchet, extension, and socket. Depending on your car’s make and model, the EGR valve may connect to a pipe coming from the exhaust manifold. Remove the pipe using a wrench. Alternatively, disconnect the pipe at the exhaust manifold.
- After removing the EGR valve, check the valve’s gaskets. Check for cracks or uneven wear and replace it if necessary. Otherwise, recycle it.
EGR valve cleaning
- Safety first as always. Put on your safety goggles and acid-resistant gloves. For extra caution, wear a mask. Remember that you’re going to remove carbon deposits from different components of the valve, which can get airborne and you might inhale them.
- Spray carbon deposits with a quality EGR-valve or carburetor cleaner. If the cleaning solution gets into contact with any plastic parts and electrical components still attached to the valve, immediately wipe them clean to prevent corrosion and damage.
- Use a dull scraper and a pipe cleaning brush to scrub carbon buildup. Then use a soft brush to remove the buildup and wipe the surface using a clean rag. Repeat the process until it is clean. Avoid gouging mounting and sealing surfaces, as this will cause exhaust gases to leak.
- For very stubborn carbon deposits, soak the EGR valve in the cleaning solution for a few minutes for it to penetrate. Make sure to steer clear from electronics, electrical components, or plastic parts to avoid damaging the valve.
Do not leave the valve soaking in the cleaning solution overnight, or you will risk ruining sensitive parts. Then repeat the brushing process above to get rid of hard buildups.
- In case there are carbon deposits accumulated inside the intake manifold, apply the EGR valve cleaner through the intake manifold. It is best to check the cleaner manufacturer’s manual to see if you can apply the cleaner to clean the intake manifold. Sometimes you might need to use a commercial cleaner designed for this purpose, such as the Seafoam Motor Treatment.
Replace the EGR valve
Once you have dealt with carbon buildup, including cleaning the passages and sealing surface, you can put all the components back to where they originally belong, including the gasket. Use the correct torque to screw and tighten bolts. Replace the gaskets, then reconnect the vacuum hoses and pipes, and any electrical harnesses.
EGR valve testing
The last step of knowing how to clean EGR valve, which you should not skip, is testing whether your repair has worked. This is relatively straightforward.
After cleaning, the engine should idle smoothly. There should be no engine stalling or strange sounds, and no fuel smell from the underhood. Now you’ve pocketed pro tips on how to clean EGR valve, remember to clean your EGR valve regularly to avoid annoying engine problems and to maximize the lifespan of your engine.