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How to Fix a Flat Tire: Step by Step Instructions

A flat tire is a problem that drivers face on a regular basis. If you drive your own car, you should have good knowledge about how to fix a flat tire on a car because a good spare may not be available all the time.

There are a few ways for flat tire repair, and most of them are pretty straightforward and don’t require more than a few tools.

How to Fix a Flat Tire: Step by Step Instructions

Having a punctured or flat tire is an annoying problem. However, as it happens now and again, you should learn a way or two about how to fix the problem. Let’s take a look at how to fix a flat tire on a car by using a tire plug kit:

1. Find the Leak

It’s the first step. Take a close look at the tire to see if there’s a nail or something sharp sticks out of it or if there’s any holes or cuts. If the visible inspection does not help, inflate the tire to the appropriate pressure level and see if there’s a hissing sound.

how to fix a flat tire

If nothing works, mix some dish soap with water and brush or spray the mixture on the tire. There will be bubbles on the leaking area. Mark the spot with tape.

2. Loosen the Lug Nuts and Jack the Car up

You have to loosen the lug nuts with an impact wrench or a lug wrench. Remember to do it before jacking up the car. Otherwise, it can spin dangerously at the time of removing the nuts.

Now, it’s time to jack up the car so that you can remove the wheels. Do it by keeping your car on a concrete or hard surface and must use jack stands to keep the vehicle stabilized.

3. Remove the Lug Nuts and Clean the Hole

It’s time to remove the lug nuts completely and pull off the wheel of the wheelbase. After that, clean the leaking area by inserting the rasp tool (included in the kit) in an out of the hole a few times.

how to fix a flat tire

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4. Insert the Plug

Thread the plug at the middle of the insertion tool and push into the hole. You can lubricate the plug with an adhesive such glue or rubber cement for easy insertion and a better seal. Don’t move the plug at least for one minute to let the adhesive set and dry. Cut out the part of the plug protruding from the tire surface.

5. Inflate the Tire

Fill the tire with air at the recommended air pressure. Now, re-install the wheel, remove the floor jack, and attach and tighten the lugs to the proper torque.

As you have learned how to fix a flat tire on a car, you can carry out the entire process at your home. However, remember that repairing a tire using a plug is not a permanent solution. You should take the tire to an auto repair shop for patching it up professionally or replace it before driving it for another 20,000 miles.

Watch the video below to see how to repair a flat tire in more details

Guide to replace a flat tire

If fixing a flat tire is not an effective way for you in this situation, next solution you should think about is replacing your flat tire. Here are 2 steps to help you do this:

Step 1: Removing the flat tire

The first thing you need in this step is a lug wrench for loosening the lug nuts on your flat tire. After you loosen all the nuts (but do not remove them yet), next is situating a car jack to the suggested jacking points for your car, then use this jack to up the car side that you are working on. Also to prevent your car from rolling, you must do this on level ground. Bear in mind that jacking your car on a slope can cause many dangerous accidents. After jacking up your car, it’s time for you to remove the lug nuts, then take the flat tire off.

Step 2: Attaching the spare

How to replace a flat tire?
How to replace a flat tire?

Using the spare wheel to replace the flat tire. Before attaching the spare, you should spend a couple of minutes to check the condition of the spare again, make sure that it has the same size with the one you are replacing. Why do you have to do this? Well, driving on a car with 3 summer tires and 1 winter tire for any significant period of time will cause many annoying troubles, that is what we don’t want to face.

When checking the spare wheel is done, next to do is reattaching the lug nuts to the bolts (but do not fully them). Then you lower the car jack until all the weight of the vehicle is back on the tire. Next is removing the car jack and locking down the lug nuts. Notice: Although you can drive your beloved car again with a spare wheel, the spare is not manufactured for long driving purpose. Therefore, you should drive your car under 50 mph when using a temporary spare and seeking for a auto repair shop to get a tire replaced by a mechanic.

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Hopefully after reading this article, besides knowing about fixing a flat tire instructions, you will get to know how to replace a flat tire in a safe way. If you have any questions related to how to fix a flat tire or car knowledge, feel free to leave us a comment below, our auto experts will answer it for you.