5 Types Of Burning Smell From Car: Causes And Solutions
Abnormal, foul odors emitted from any component in your vehicle would definitely mean that some part is worn or malfunctioning. For instance, the various burning smell from car spell troubles, and there are several reasons for these unpleasant odors. Burning smell from car should be addressed as soon as possible, since it is also a health hazard. Regardless of the source of the problem, you and your passenger are breathing in something that you should not.
Read on to learn how to distinguish the distinctly different types of burning smell in car, the culprit behind the problem, and how to fix it in each case as well as how to avoid the problem in the future with proper maintenance and good driving habits.
Burning Smell from Car: Burning Rubber
There are many types of burning smell, and each points to a different problem, but a burning something is never a good sign. Having your car smells like burning rubber after driving, particularly under your hood is a very common problem of burning smell from car. This is a sign that your car engine has been running for a long time. There are a number of potential causes, so troubleshoot in turn to rule out the source of the problem and address it as soon as possible to avoid more expensive breakdowns in the near future.
Dragging Drive Belt
Together with the distinct burning rubber smell, you might also notice your car making abnormal sounds coming from under the hood, such as loud slapping, squealing or knocking noises. This usually happens when one of the accessories connected to the drive belt or serpentine belt is locked, such as the generator, air pump, water pump, A/C compressor or A/C compressor clutch.
When this happens, the belt will rotate on a pulley that is frozen still, causing the belt to drag and this friction is the source of the burning rubber smell. This dragging drive belt phenomenon can also be caused by a misaligned pulley.
Solution: In this case, you simply need to replace the faulty belt and check the remaining belts. It is best to check your drive belt at least every 6 months.
If whenever you shift gears, you detect a burning smell from car that smells like burning rubber or sometimes similar to a burning newspaper, the abnormal odor may come from a clutch problem.
In any vehicle with a manual transmission, the clutch is the mechanical device which transfers the rotational power from the engine to the drivetrain, that is the wheels. While the engine generates power all the time, the clutch allows the car to speed up, slow down or come to a complete stop without turning off the engine.
When shifting properly, the clutch pedal needs to be released quickly. The reason for the burning smell in most cases is the clutch is released too slowly, and the clutch disc will “slip” against the flywheel. This amount of friction is similar to that on a brake pad when braking. The friction makes the clutch’s surface, which is made from a type of paper mesh, burns off. This creates the burning smell from car that is similar to burning paper.
One reason for riding the clutch could be a poor driving position. If you sit too close to the pedals, you might not have enough legroom to put your left foot in a comfortable position elsewhere and might end up unintentionally resting it on the clutch pedal.
Have the clutch inspected first thing to see if it is worn and needs to be replaced. To avoid this, it’s important to learn proper clutching and shifting techniques. Also, adjust your driving position if needed to make sure you have enough leg room to comfortably move your foot away from the clutch pedal and rest it on the floor.
If you master clutch control, a well-treated clutch can last up to 80,000 miles. But if mistreated, you will have to replace many parts of the clutch/transmission system much sooner, sometimes as soon as you hit the 35,000 miles. And that is not going to be cheap.
As a rule of thumb, don’t ride the clutch; doing this often leads to premature wear and tear, and thus premature replacement. “Riding the clutch” refers to the act of unnecessarily keeping the clutch pedal partially pressed down.
The basic principle of smooth clutch control is to fully disengage the clutch when changing gear by pressing the clutch pedal to the floor with your left foot, and then re-engage the clutch by lifting off the pedal to fully release it. Fully disengaging before re-engaging will prevent the gears from crashing into each other, thus will allow you to change gear smoothly.
The rule of thumb is to release the clutch as close to the correct engine speed for the gear and vehicle speed as possible. That is when upshifting, you’ll need to allow the engine speed to fall before releasing the clutch to achieve a smoother transition. Conversely, when downshifting, you’ll need to increase the engine speed with the accelerator before releasing the clutch. Smoother transition directly translates to minimal clutch wear and lower maintenance costs.
Burning Smell from Car: Burning Plastic
If your car smells like burning plastic, it usually occurs after starting the heater or fan in the car. This phenomenon is often related to certain parts such as fans, resistors or some other high-temperature electronic components.
A Clogged or Worn Heater
The first thing to check when you smell burning plastic is the heater. There could be dust accumulation in the system if you haven’t used the heater since long. But if the burning smell from car still presents even when you use the heater regularly, then some large particles or debris might be clogging the vent. Many car owners have found plastic bags and other objects stuck in the engine.
If upon inspection, this is ruled out, the heater itself might be broken and the antifreeze is leaking into the vents, causing the smell of burning plastic. Worse still, some part of the heater could be broken or have melted. It usually happens with the heater’s motor.
Solution: If the smell gets stronger and you find no debris stuck to the vent, immediately take your car to the mechanic to get the heater checked along with other suspected parts. Check the heater and the fuel lines for any leakages. Air filters cleaned or replaced if needed. You might use an antibacterial solution to clean the vents.
A major cause of burning smell from car is an electrical short circuit in the engine. The plastic coating on wires, fuses, or other connections may make your car smells like burning electrical.
Solution: You might need the help of a technician in this case. Your car will need to be connected to the computer system so that the source of the electrical problem can be identified..
Burning Smell from Car: Burning Coolant
If the burning smell from car, particularly from your A/C, is somewhat sweet, avoid taking a big whiff, as it is most likely coolant that is leaking in your cooling system and it’s getting burned off. Most AC units work together with the cooling system, and worn or damaged cooling components can leak coolant. A heater core may leak the coolant into the heating or air conditioning system of the vehicle.
The strangely sweet scent comes from ethylene glycol, a chemical substance added in antifreeze to lower the freezing temperature of the fluid. Ethylene glycol is harmful to human health, so have the problem addressed immediately.
There are many reasons for coolant getting burned off. Usually caused by a cracked or leaking head gasket, coolant can leak and mix in with oil, and will be burned off inside the engine’s combustion chamber. Another common reason is that a pinhole leak in a coolant hose can spray coolant onto a hot engine component, which boils the coolant away.
A leaking head gasket or coolant hose needs to be repaired, or otherwise replaced if the damage is severe. Replacing a worn or damaged coolant hose is pretty easy and cheap. The average cost is between $130 and $160, of which parts are priced at around $50.
Meanwhile, a cracked and leaking head gasket can be time-consuming and expensive to repair, which can set you back at least $1,000 for both parts and labor. For a total replacement, labor would cost an average of $900 to north of $1,000, since it’s a time-consuming job, while the parts would typically cost between $700 and $850.
Burning Smell from Car: Burning Oil
Another common incidence of burning smell from car is car smells like burning oil. If you smell burning oil, stop the car and troubleshoot at the earliest chance. All in all, the reason for a burning oil smell might be hard to pinpoint the problem with just your nose. You might want to leave the job to a pro, instead of having to remove a multitude of components for inspection.
Old Engine Oil
If you smell burning oil and at the same time notice blue-tinted smoke coming from the tailpipes, it’s probably due to old engine oil coupled with an overused oil filter that is burning excess oil in your engine.
Engine oil lubricates and keeps the vital components in your engine clean and free from corrosion, prevents overheating and minimizes excess wear due to friction. To prevent burning oil as well as to make sure your engine is running in tip top shape, make sure to change your oil and oil filter periodically as recommended in your manual.
An oil and oil filter change will cost between $35 and $75, if you’re using conventional engine oil. If your vehicle requires synthetic oil, you would be paying more, typically from $65 to $125.
Leaking Engine Oil
In general, over time, oil can leak from your engine through cracked or worn head gaskets, hoses, and even the oil filter. They develop small cracks over time due to the normal heating and cooling cycles of your engine. This leaky oil will get burned off upon reaching your hot engine or other heated elements under the hood, creating that burning oil smell.
When the oil enters the exhaust pipe that is hot, you may also notice white smoke emitting from the exhaust pipe. It’s a common phenomenon while driving uphill when you have to rev the engine more.
If you notice burning oil smell and white exhaust smoke, it’s best to inspect yourself to pinpoint the source of the leak or take your vehicle to the nearest auto shop for troubleshooting. If you continue to drive when the oil is leaking, your car will suffer more substantial damage and what would follow is more expensive repairs.
Repairing an engine oil leak is a labor intensive job, since it involves removing and replacing hard-to-reach components, which would require dismantling many other components to gain access.
Replacing a valve cover gasket is one of the least expensive repair, as fewer components need to be removed. Meanwhile, replacing a camshaft seal requires the removal of an array of components, including the timing belt and many engine accessories. A total head gasket replacement being the most expensive repair job.
Therefore, the cost for repairing an engine oil leak can range from as little as $150 to as much as close to $2,000, depending on the make and model of your vehicle, the engine and the leaky component.
Improper Oil Change
Oil changes when not properly done may result in excess oil dripping into the exhaust system or other parts. When the engine warms up the oil will burn to create a pungent smell in the car. If the leakage is corrected, the oil will burn completely and the oil in the car will disappear after a period of time.
Loose Oil Filter or Damaged Oil Plug
If you notice a burning oil smell that is accompanied by an oil puddle under the car, there are two likely culprits.
If operated under pressure or not properly installed, an oil filter might become loose over time, especially if you often drive on rough road conditions. A loose oil filter can lead to oil spills around the engine. When the oil is burned, you will notice a burning oil smell. Another telltale sign is if you see an oil puddle under the car. In this case, inspect the oil filter to see if it needs to be replaced or tightened up properly.
Another possibility is a damaged oil plug. The oil pan has a plug in it, which if damaged might allow oil to leak into the exhaust system and create the smell of burning oil in the car. This will also create a puddle when the car stops or is parked at any point.
Burning Smell from Car: Burning Carpet
If you smell something like a burning carpet, it usually happens if you ride the brakes hard. While going down a steep hill with the brakes slammed hard, the excessive on the brake pads might lead to such a burning smell. Another reason might be that the caliper piston could have seized, causing the brakes to drag.
Solution: Due to the importance of your braking system, regularly have it inspected to make sure each part is in good shape and working properly. Avoid suddenly slamming on the brakes too often by keeping a sufficient distance from the vehicle in front of you and unless required, like when driving on the highway, avoid driving too fast. “Speed thrills but kills”. And flush the old brake fluids periodically, especially if you have an older vehicle, to make your brakes last longer.